The Amazing Butterfly

Bohol Butterfly Sanctuary

Bohol Buttefly Sanctuary have been established by butterfly enthusiasts and are now gaining recognition. There are more or less 300 butterfly species native to the province and the sanctuaries are aiming to conserve and raise the butterfly population in the island.

Breeding butterflies can augment ones income by selling them as butterfly releases, making them into dry papered butterflies and selling live pupae. Moves have been taken to develop butterfly by-products such as framed butterflies, butterfly wing mosaic, and key chains.

What is a Butterfly?
According to Wikipedia, a butterfly is an insect of the order Lepidoptera. Like all Lepidoptera, butterflies are notable for their unusual life cycle with a larval caterpillar stage, an inactive pupal stage, and a spectacular metamorphosis into a familiar and colorful winged adult form. Most species are day-flying so they regularly attract attention. The diverse patterns formed by their brightly colored wings and their erratic yet graceful flight have made butterfly watching a fairly popular hobby.

Butterflies comprise the true butterflies (super family Papilionoidea), the skippers (Super family Hesperioidea) and the moth-butterflies (Super family Hedyloidea). Butterflies exhibit polymorphism, mimicry and aposematism. Some are known to migrate over large distances. Some butterflies have evolved symbiotic and parasitic relationships with social insects such as ants. Butterflies are important economically as one of the major agents of pollination. In addition, a number of species are pests, because they can damage domestic crops and trees.

Other Butterfly Facts
Adult butterflies do not go to the bathroom. Caterpillars do all of the eating and almost continually defecate. Occasionally adult butterflies drink so much they must emit a fine liquid spray from the tip of their abdomen but it is almost pure water.

Butterflies do not eat bugs or any other insects. Only the caterpillars do most of the eating and they only eat plant parts except for the Harvester butterfly of the eastern U.S. that eats wooly aphids. Adult female butterflies lay their eggs in the middle of aphid masses.

Adult butterflies and moths eat only various liquids to maintain their water balance and energy stores with a few exceptions. Most of them sip flower nectar, but others get the necessary fluid from rotting fruits, sap flowers on trees, bird droppings, or animal dung. Adults of Harvester butterflies can pierce the bodies of woolly aphids and drink their fluids with their short proboscis or tongue. The caterpillars of the Harvester butterfly and its relatives feed solely on aphids.

With regards to mating, male butterflies find females by sight, and use chemicals called pheromones at close range. If the female accepts the male, they couple end to end and may go on a short courtship flight. They may remain coupled for an hour or more, sometimes overnight. The male passes a sperm packet called a spermatorphore to the female. The sperm then fertilize each egg as it passes down the female’s egg-laying tube.

Butterflies do not communicate like honeybees but they use some of the same kinds of communication. Butterflies can communicate with each other [same or different species] by color, chemicals, sound, and physical actions. Color patterns are used to signal their sex or species to each other. Chemical pheromones are used by both sexes of some butterflies to attract the opposite sex or to signal species identity in courtship. A few butterflies make clicking sounds [males of genus Hamadryas] to protect their space. Some chrysalides [gossamer wings family] make clicking sounds to attract ants that in turn protect them. Physical actions such as aggressive flight or postures are used in courtship or to protect resources such as an important flower. Caterpillars of some species produce sugary substances for ants which in turn protect the caterpillars.

Butterflies have strong muscles in their thorax which force their wings up and down on a fulcrum basis. They actually go in a slanted figure 8 motion that propels them forward through the air in the same principle as an airplane. Slow flying butterflies probably fly 5 mph or a little more. Some fast flying skippers can fly 30 mph or faster. During fall migration migrating Monarchs have been seen flying by tall buildings such as the Empire State Building at 1,000+ ft. Butterflies are picked up by storm fronts and moved 100’s of miles, probably at altitudes of several thousand feet.

When butterflies cannot keep their temperatures at activity levels, when it’s cloudy, or at night they become quiescent or inactive. This quiescence, or resting, is not equivalent to human sleep. Butterflies always have their eyes open, since they do not have eyelids and they probably do not dream.

Butterflies hide when it rains. They usually go to the same places they do for the night. Some butterflies hide under large leaves, some crawl down into dense leaves or under rocks, and some just sit head down on grass stems or bushes with wings held tightly. Others die or their wings become tattered if the rains are exceptionally hard or of long duration.

The full-grown caterpillars usually wander off the plant some distance to find a place to make their chrysalis. During the feeding and growth stage they just remain under leaves.

Some butterflies only live for 2 weeks! Generally, their life span is just two months. All butterflies use host plants to lay their eggs on, which are usually suited to their coloring.

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The Queen City Of The South

Cebu City is the capital city of the province of Cebu and is the second city of the Philippines. It serves as the center of a metropolitan area called Metro Cebu, which includes the cities of Carcar, Danao, Lapu-lapu, Mandaue, Naga, and Talisay.

History

On April 7, 1521, Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan landed in Cebu. He was welcomed by Rajah Humabon, the king of Cebu, together with his wife and about 700 native islanders. Magellan, however, was killed in the Battle of Mactan, and the remaining members of his expedition left Cebu soon after several of them were poisoned by Humabon due to threats of foreign occupation.

On April 3, 1898, local revolutionaries led by the Negrense Leon Kilat rose up against the Spanish colonial authorities and took control of the urban center after three days of fighting{. The uprising was only ended by the treacherous murder of Leon Kilat and the arrival of soldiers from Iloilo.

The signing of the Treaty of Paris at the end of the Spanish-American War provided for the cession of Cebu along with the rest of the Philippine islands to the United States until the formation of the Commonwealth Era (1935-1946). On February 21, 1899 the USS Petrel (PG-2) deployed a landing party of 45 men on the shores of Cebu. Cebu’s transfer to the Commonwealth government was signed by Luis Flores, although others, most notably, Gen. Arcadio Maxilom and Juan Climaco, offered resistance until 1901.

Cebu only became a chartered city in February 24, 1937. Many Philippine cities such as Dansalan (now Marawi), Iloilo City, and Bacolod City were only incorporated as such at that time (see Cities of the Philippines). Until then, Cebu City had never been more than a town since its original founding in 1565.

Population/ Language/ Religion / Area
As of 2010, the city had a total population of 866,171.

People here speaks Cebuano as their native language. However, it is easy to find for someone who can speak with you in English.

The city is surrounded by Mandaue and Consolacion in the northeast, Toledo, the towns of Balamban and Asturias in the west, Talisay City and the town of Minglanilla in the south.

Cebu City religion has varied to many type of belief but the majority of its population are Roman Catholic other believe were known to be Protestant, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter day Saints, Inglesia ni Cristo, Jesus Miracle Crusade, Jehovah’s Witnesses, Baptists, United Church of Christ in the Philippines, Taoist, Islam, Buddhism, Hinduism and many others.

The topography of Cebu City is rugged and mountainous with elevation reaching up to 900 meters above mean sea level. Flat lands are found only along the shorelines that extend a few kilometers inland. Cebu City’s flat land occupies about 23 square kilometers, representing eight (8%) percent of its total land area but it contains over 40 barangays and about two thirds of its population.

The province of Cebu is especially well known because of the production of locally handmade acoustic guitars, bandurrias (Filipino mandolins), banjos and ukuleles. Already for generations the Cebuanos have been making quality guitars. The guitar makers are considered to be among the world’s finest craftsmen. Maribago on Mactan island, is the center of Cebu’s guitar-making industry. Here you can watch the craftsmen at work.

Cebu City is also known for its call centers and many business establishment.

The city is also the Philippines’ main domestic shipping port and is home to about 80% of the country’s domestic shipping companies.

Business Opportunity
The increasing urbanization of the city now leads to the increasing use of its land for housing, commercial, industrial, institutional and other related activities. Farmlands remained only in the upland or hilly land areas of Cebu City. Presently the city’s upland areas and watersheds are mostly covered with grass and shrubs with patches of corn, coconuts, bananas, cassava and vegetables. Fruit trees are also planted, notably the exotic mango, which is an export product of Cebu.

The city derives significant income from tourism. It hosted the 1998 ASEAN Tourism Forum. The city also hosted the East Asian Tourism Forum on August 2002, in which the province of Cebu is a member and signatory.

There are a number of significant Spanish colonial buildings in Cebu City which includes the Basilica Minore del Santo Nino, Fort San Pedro, Casa Gorordo Museum and Magellan’s Cross.

The Cebu Reggae Festival is a popular Filipino Reggae and Roots music festival, it now has become one of the Philippines’ largest annual Reggae Festivals. On Cebuano musical heritage, the Jose R. Gullas Halad Museum in V. Gullas St. (former Manalili) corner D. Jakosalem St. in Cebu City, holds musical memorabilia of Cebuano composers in the early 20th century, the likes of Ben Zubiri (composer of Matud Nila), Inting Rubi (Kasadya Ning Taknaa) and Minggoy Lopez (Rosas Pandan). The Cebu City Sports Complex exhibits sporting and festival events.

Away from the city is the Cebu Taoist Temple, a Taoist temple in Beverly Hills. Views of Cebu City can also be seen from villages and gated communities located on the mountains.

Ayala Center Cebu is a shopping mall at the Cebu Business Park. On average, more than 85,000 people visit this mall everyday, with the figure increasing to 135,000 on weekends.

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The Spanish Inheritance

When it comes to historical landmarks in Manila, there’s nothing that comes close to Intramuros. During the Spanish era, Intramuros was the seat of government and center of religion, education, and economy. Today, it’s mostly a tourist attraction that is directly supervised by the Intramuros Administration– not the city government of Manila. For all intents and purposes, it is still considered a city within a city.

Situated within its walls is Fort Santiago, a citadel that was built by Miguel López de Legazpi upon his arrival in Manila. A close “cousin” of this defense fortress is Fort San Pedro in Cebu, which was also used by Legazpi as a military defense structure. Today, Fort Santiago is teeming with tourists trying to squeeze in a one-day itinerary to get a glimpse of the old structures that were once prominent during the Spanish era. Here are some of the most important details about Fort Santiago that should give you that “aha” moment once you visit:

It was named after the Saint James, the patron saint of Spain, who is also known as Saint James the Muslim-slayer because of the legend that he miraculously appeared hundreds of years after his death to fight in the mythical battle of Clavijo. The facade of Fort Santiago showcases the image of Saint James right above the Coat of Arms of Spain.

It was built by Miguel López de Legazpi, Governor-General of the Spanish East Indies which included the Philippines and other Pacific islands, namely Guam and the Marianas Islands.

Born into a noble family in 1502, Legazpi was a Spanish explorer and conquistador who led the Spanish expedition in search for the Spice Islands (now known as the Maluku Islands in present day Indonesia). His 1565 expedition visited Guam on its westward voyage from New Spain (Mexico) to Cebu in Central Philippines.

He eventually became the first Governor-General of the Spanish East Indies which included the Philippines and other Pacific archipelagos– Guam and the Marianas Islands.

Aside from Fort Santiago, he is also behind the construction of Fort San Pedro, the military defense fortress in Cebu City. His remains is currently housed at the San Agustin Church inside Intramuros, Manila.

Approximately 600 American prisoners of war died of suffocation and hunger in its dungeons after being caged in extremely tight quarters. The filthy water of the nearby Pasig River also seeps in during high tide leaving its ground damp most of the time.

The marker installed by the Intramuros Administration in the entrance of the dungeons
Jose Rizal, the national hero of the Philippines, spent his last days holed up in Fort Santiago before being marched off to Bagumbayan (now Rizal Park) where he was executed by firing squad.

The fort is shaped in a near triangular form and has a perimeter of 620 meters (2,030 feet).

Its location was once the site of a palisaded (wooden) fort of Rajah Matanda, a Muslim Rajah of pre-Hispanic Manila. The old fort was eventually destroyed by Martin de Goiti, the leader of the Spanish expedition in Manila as ordered by Legazpi in 1569.

The first fort that the Spaniards built was made of palm logs and earth. Most of the structure was destroyed when Chinese pirates led by Limahong invaded Manila. After a fierce battle to control the city, the Spaniards eventually drove the pirates out north in the province of Pangasinan, and out of the country.

The hard stone used for the construction of Fort Santiago was quarried from Guadalupe(now Guadalupe Viejo in Makati City).

The front gate of Fort Santiago was built in 1714 along with its military barracks.However, the Luzon earthquakes of 1880, which destroyed scores of buildings and churches, also destroyed the front edifice of the fort.

On August 13, 1898, the American flag was raised in Fort Santiago symbolizing the start of the American rule in the Philippines. The Fort served as the headquarters of the US Army, and among the changes they made included the draining of the moats and the transformations of the grounds into a golf course.

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How To Enjoy Sumilon Island In The Best Way

Bluewater Sumilon Island Resort is located on tranquil Sumilon Island. The Island remains as one of Cebu’s best kept secrets and is found on the southeastern tip of the mainland. It is 125 kilometers from Cebu City and is in close proximity to Dumaguete. The island has an area of 24 hectares and is surrounded by crystal clear waters with varying aquamarine hues. It is the first marine protected area in the Philippines and was made a fish sanctuary in 1974 under the guidance of Siliman University Marine Reserve. During dives, one will find varied marine species and even occasional sightings of black tip sharks. Pristine white sand beaches are situated in different areas in Sumilon.
Its sandbar is well known for its changing shapes and shifting locations around the island, depending on the season. On the island, there is a natural lagoon teeming with high mangroves. There are also natural caves where fishermen used to seek refuge. On the southside, a lighthouse rests on a protected tree park. Beside it is a “Baluarte”, a historical watchtower built as part of a warning system to thwart slavers and marauders in the 19th century.
TOTAL AREA
24 hectares
The only resort on the island, 24-hectare Sumilon Bluewater offers 4-star accommodation with direct access to coral reef beaches. It features free WiFi in public areas and an outdoor pool.

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It’s Hard Not To Say ‘Wow’ About Tibiao

IF YOU ARE LOOKING FOR AN ECO-ADVENTURE, FUN IN THE ISLAND OF PANAY, THEN TIBIAO, AND ANTIQUE IS THE PLACE YOU SHOULD BE. TIBIAO IS PACKED WITH ACTIVITIES THAT ARE SURELY WORTH A TRY!

fly from Manila to Caticlan and from Caticlan to Tibiao by road and enjoy the beautiful filipino countryside and see farmers working as their forefathers did.
Arrive in Tibiao and stay for a couple of days or more.where you might enjoy the luxury of a tree house with a single light bulb and a thin foam mattress on the bamboo floor to sleep on.
Should you require a window please BYO ( bring your own) window frames are already provided for.
Also for this accommodation remember to bring Aspirin or Panadol in case you become careless and hit your head on a tree branch in your room, alternatively a basic air-condition room can be supplied at a short distance from theTibiao River.
In the morning have beautiful local breakfast whilest waiting for the kawa to be prepared, depending on the time of year the cool morning will provide great anticipation for the hot relaxing kawa bath to which the sound of the running Tibiao River will add to your relaxation .
Remember how the missionary in Africa used to be cooked by the cannibals, you can enjoy the similar sensation without being tied up.
You will relax in a pleasantly warm bath flavored with coffee,salt,herbs,milk or many other flavors of your choosing excluding the mandatory vegetable such as carrots,cabbage and many more vegetables that are usually used in a beautiful soup.
We promise that should there be any cannibals in the area we will keep them well away from you.
ENJOY YOUR KAWA

THE KAWA TAKES SOME TIME TO PREPARE.THEY BURN UP WOOD TO HEAT UP THE WATER TO YOUR DESIRED TEMPERATURE IT TAKES AROUND 45 MINUTES TO AN HOUR TO PREPARE THE KAWA SO REMIND THEM AHEAD OF TIME.THE KAWA ( A BIG KETTLE ), PREVIOUSLY USED AT SUGAR MILL FACTORIES, ARE NOW BEING USED AS BIG HOT TUBS.

AND EVERYONE WILL ENJOY THE LOCAL FAVORITE’S KARAY-A FOOD,YOU CAN HAVE IT PLATED OR IN A BOODLE FIGHT SETTING. ( EATING WITHOUT SPOON AND FORK ONLY YOUR HANDS )

YOU CAN GET TO ENJOY EATING THE MOUTH WATERING MEAL WHILE YOUR LEGS ARE DIPPED IN A COOL RUNNING WATER OF TIBIAO RIVER.

IT’S HARD NOT TO SAY ” WOW ” ABOUT TIBIAO WHEN ALL THE ACTIVITIES AND FAMILY-ORIENTED SERVICES ARE SO MUCH FUN!

GET TICKLED AS THE FISH CLEAN YOUR FEET AT THE FISH SPA.

GET YOUR ADRENALINE PUMPING THROUGH IT’S WATER ADVENTURES LIKE WATER TUBING AND KAYAKING OR HAVE A RELAXING STAY BY ENJOYING THE FISH SPA AND THEIR MASSAGE SERVICES.

BOOK A TIBIAO HOLIDAY TODAY AND DISCOVER THE BEST OF TIBIAO
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Alegre Guitar Factory

Cebu is known as home of the best guitar craftsmen in the Philippines. Not only are the guitars delicately crafted, they are exceptionally durable, affordable, and of great quality.
One of the remarkable guitar-makers in Cebu is the Alegre Guitar Factory. The shop is owned and managed by Fernando M. Alegre. It is by far the most impressive-looking guitar factory in Abuno, Lapu-Lapu City. Its world-class guitars never cease to impress seasoned guitarists and musicians.

The Alegre family is one of the pioneers in the guitar-manufacturing business, which is on its third generation of proprietorship. Alegre’s quality guitars are made of indigenous materials, from the type of wood used to the shell ornaments, which make one unique instrument.

The shop exports their guitars to countries like Canada, Australia, Japan, and the United States. Visitors and prospective buyers, who are interested in the different stages of guitar-making, can take a look at the workshop to witness the craftsmen do the actual guitar-making process.

The Alegre guitars are neatly arranged in a showroom, from standard guitars to other stringed instruments. A separate showroom showcases all of the top-quality guitars.

Prices of Alegre-manufactured guitars and stringed instruments are quite expensive as compared to other guitar-selling shops. But if you want your money’s worth and a guitar that will last for a considerable amount of time, you should definitely consider checking the Alegre Guitar Factory.

In addition to beautiful beaches and mountains, Cebu is also known as cradle of the best guitar makers in the country. Guitars from Cebu are famous to be durable, affordable, and carefully and cautiously devised.

Alegre guitars have world class quality that would definitely impress its buyers. Their products are curiously made because they are being shipped to other countries like Canada, Australia, United States and Japan. The prices of the guitars may be a little more expensive compared to other factories but the quality is truly exceptional because their products are made to last for decades.

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Experience The Charm of Villa Escudero

A self-contained working coconut plantation, It was founded in the 1880s by Don Placido Escudero and his wife Dona Claudia Marasigan. Originally planted to sugarcane, the crop was converted to coconut by their son Don Arsenio Escudero in the early 1900s. A pioneering agro-industrialist, he built the country’s first working hydroelectric plant to supply his dessicated coconut factory and Villa Escudero, where he and his wife Dona Rosario Adap built in 1929.

Their children opened the estate to the public in 1981. From its humble beginnings, the resort has become a prime tourist destination for locals, overseas Filipinos and a wide array of foreign visitors to the country. It has a worldwide reputation as a showcase for the Philippines’ rich cultural heritage, offering a beguiling glimpse of its history, cuisine, dress, customs and natural beauty a mere two hours away from Manila.Experience the allure of Filipino country life at Villa Escudero!
Go on a quick weekend getaway at this farm resort on an air-conditioned transfer
Relish a Filipino buffet by the flowing stream of a man-made mini waterfall
Experience a Carabao cart ride and watch performances of traditional dances and music
Marvel at the preserved plantation house, chapel, and museum of religious art

Experience the Philippines’ old plantation life and learn about its rich cultural heritage in this tour of Villa Escudero. A convenient, refreshing escape from the hustle and bustle of Metro Manila, this farm resort offers visitors the local countryside life. Originally a coconut plantation, Villa Escudero now holds tours of their beautifully preserved plantation house, pink chapel, and museum, where the plantation owner’s impressive personal collection of religious art can befound. Your local English-speaking guide will take you to every stop onboard a carabao cart. Enjoy a variety of fun-filled activities at the nearby green river, where you can go rafting or swimming. After an afternoon dip, head to the famous Waterfall Restaurant for a Filipino buffet lunch. Arrive at the foot of a man-made mini waterfall where your lunch buffet will be served. For a better experience, visit on weekends for a beautiful presentation of traditional Filipino dances. Book a tour now and experience the allure of Filipino country life at Villa Escudero!

CONTACT US: EMAIL: info@alluciatours.com.au OR VISIT US: www.alluciatours.com.au For this Fantastic Unforgettable Adventure.

The Taoist Temple

The Cebu Taoist Temple was built in 1972 by the Cebu’s substantial Chinese community. This temple is composed of two different temples: one is the Phu Sian Temple, built by another Chinese community, which is not open to the public; another is the main temple which is 270 meters above sea level.

The latter is the only temple open to worshippers and non-worshippers. Entrance to the temple is a replica of the Great Wall of China. The temple includes a chapel, library, souvenir shop, and a wishing well. It also has a spacious balcony that has an access to the scenic of the city.

The Taoist Temple is the center of worship for Taoism, the religion which follows the teachings of the ancient Chinese philosopher, Lao Zi. In the temple, devotees perform rituals. One ritual is where one prays to the gods to grant one’s wish. This kind of ritual includes washing hands, going inside the chapel barefoot and dropping two blocks of wood. If the blocks of wood are both face up upon reaching the floor, it means one can make a wish. If not, it means it is not yet time for one’s wish to be granted and needs to come back again to the temple some other time.

Another ritual among the devotees is the climbing of its 181 steps, which represents the 81 chapters of Taoism scriptures, and lighting joss sticks and having their fortune be read by the monks. This kind of ritual is done during Wednesdays and Sundays.

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Amazing Butterfly

Butterfly Conservation Centre
Butterflies are insects in the macrolepidopteran clade Rhopalocera from the order Lepidoptera, which also includes moths. Adult butterflies have large, often brightly coloured wings, and conspicuous,

The Simply Butterflies Conservation Center is next to a town named Bilar, on the island of Bohol.

Come face-to-face with hundreds of exotic beautiful butterflies fluttering around tropical foliage and flowers. Sit and relax, or take a stroll with the gorgeous butterflies.

Simply Butterflies operates under it’s butterfly conservation principles. The centre protects and strengthens the natural environment of the butterflies through plant research, breeding and releasing programs. Bohol, like much of the Philippines, has a great diversity of butterflies. The center is helping to raise the butterfly population, plus bring money into the local economy.

The centre hosts a butterfly enclosure, gorgeous landscaped gardens and more than 60 species of butterflies that have been know to visit the centre.

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Amazing Butterfly

THE SMALLEST PRIMATE IN THE WORLD

Bohol Tarsiers (Tarsius Syrichta) measures 4 to 5 inches and is considered as the world’s smallest primate. Its size is no longer than an adult man’s hand and weigh only about 113 to 142 grams or four to five ounces. The primate belongs to the more primitive sub-order Prosimii or prosimian that dates back 45 million years.

Tarsiers are nocturnal creatures, like the owls – sleeping during daytime yet very active at night. They hide in hollows close to the ground; hunts and feeds mainly on fruits and insects such as cockroaches, crickets, and sometimes small lizards. Local folks believe they eat charcoal but in fact they only get the maggots or insects inside burnt wood or to get some salt.

This particular animal’s cry is a loud piercing single note. When they gather, they have a chirping, locust-like sound, and when contented emits a soft sweet birdlike twill. They live in groups, more than just one male and female.

The female takes exclusive care of their young. No male parental care has been observed. Male tarsiers have epigastric glands, which they use for scent marking. Females emit a special sound to indicate that they are fertile.

Female tarsiers have a prosimian-type uterus but a higher primate type placenta. One unusual feature is that they have multiple breast pairs, yet generally only the pectoral pair is functional. The other ones serve as anchoring points for newborn.

The gestation period of a tarsier is about 180 days (6 months), and only one young is born at a time. When a tarsier is born, it is already in a well-advanced state of development. It is born well furred and with its eyes open. The head and body length at birth is 66-72 mm, the tail is 114-117 mm long, and its weight is 25-27 grams.

They are able to move about after only two days. The mother carries infants with her mouth or on her belly. No nest is built. The female parks her infant while foraging. A young tarsier can climb after two days and jump after four. After about 19 days, young tarsiers already move around much like adults. It is breast-fed up to about 60 days. Juveniles tend to be more uniformly colored than adults.

After two years, young tarsiers become sexually mature. The female has an estrus cycle, or recurring period of heat, of 23.5 days. Mating can take place any time of the year. Tarsiers live up to 20 years old.

Tarsiers in captivity are quite tame. They are most often found huddled together with their tails intertwined. One can fondle them and allow them to run up ones arms to the shoulders and back. Quite ticklish, yes, but they’re so cute! They easily get scared, though, and scurries back to the shrubs and hide. In captivity, the tarsiers will eat live shrimp and fish in a bowl of water.

In fact, only five species of the tarsier exist: four can be found in Indonesia and the species, Tarsius Syrichta, lives deep in the woods of Bohol Island in the Visayas. These small furry creatures can also be found in the islands of Samar, Leyte and Mindanao.

Before, the tarsiers have inhabited the rainforests worldwide but have dwindled and now exist only in said islands of the Philippines, in Borneo and Indonesia. In the 1960’s, they were a common sight in the southern part of Bohol, but now only an estimated 1000 exists in the wild.

They were once protected by the humid rainforests and mist-shrouded hills but were affected by the destruction of their natural habitat thru both legal and illegal logging, slash-and-burn agricultural practices that greatly diminished the forested areas. They were also victims to poachers who caught them and sell them as stuffed tarsier mementos to tourists.

To the locals, the tarsiers are called by various names, such as: “mamag”, “mago”, “maomag”, “magau”, “malmag”, and “magatilok-iok”.

The tarsiers belong to the class “Mammalia” under the order of the primates. The suborder is “prosimii/haplorrhini; infraorder of tarsiiformes” of the superfamily “tarsioidea”. Although often called as “the world’s smallest monkey”; this is not true for the monkeys and apes belong to the suborder of anthropoids.

Yet they have some things in common. The internal structure of the nose and ears and the blood supply to the brain and to a developing fetus are more like those of monkeys. This is also the case when it comes to the sexual swellings of female tarsiers. Like anthropoids, they do not have a tapetum (a reflective layer in their eyes).

With its tail longer than its body, it has large brown eyes, hairless ears and long finger-like claws. It has gray fur and a nearly naked tail that is more often than not about 232 mm in length. The tails arc over their back when they hop on the ground apparently to balance themselves. The underside of the tail has dermal ridges such as those found on human hands and feet.

Tarsiers have large mesmerizing eyes whose bony eye sockets are larger than that of its brain case as well as of its stomach. The eye sockets have post-orbital closure which keeps the eyeballs from being pressed against by the powerful temporal muscles to their sides.

USERNAME :info@alluciatours.com.auCONTACT US: EMAIL: info@alluciatours.com.au OR VISIT US: www.alluciatours.com.au For this Fantastic Unforgettable Adventure.